Jack the Ripper---DNA Breakthrough

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Offline the leveller

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Jack the Ripper---DNA Breakthrough
« on: September 07, 2014, 11:15:41 AM »

That would be Israel Lipski.

On Sep 6, 2014, at 8:38 PM, x wrote:

> I used to be what we fans call a Jack the Ripper "amateur
> historian" (i.e. I've read numerous books and took the tour). Three
> of the top suspects were Polish Jews: Aaron Kosminski, George
> Chapman (Severin Antoniovich Klosowski) and John Pizer. Fearful of
> communal violence the police destroyed evidence -- the "Juwes"
> graffito. The English and Irish working poor of the East End were
> already upset over the Lipski case -- a rape/murder case similar to
> what would happen with the Leo Frank case, where "institutionalized
> anti-Semitism" was alleged and Lipski nearly let go, though
> eventually he cracked and confessed. We now know Jack the Ripper's
> identity: Aaron Kosminski, proved through DNA evidence. The police
> to the time knew he was a suspect, but were unable to prosecute
> because the witness was also a Jew -- who refused to testify:
> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aaron_Kosminski#Jack_the_Ripper_suspect
> =====
> WORLD EXCLUSIVE: Jack the Ripper unmasked: How amateur sleuth used
> DNA breakthrough to identify Britain's most notorious criminal 126
> years after string of terrible murders
> DNA evidence on a shawl found at Ripper murder scene nails killer
> By testing descendants of victim and suspect, identifications were
> made
> Jack the Ripper has been identified as Polish-born Aaron Kosminski
> Kosminski was a suspect when the Ripper murders took place in 1888
> Hairdresser Kosminski lived in Whitechapel and was later put in an
> asylum
> PUBLISHED: 16:01 EST, 6 September 2014 | UPDATED: 17:55 EST, 6
> September 2014
> 22k
> shares
> 635
> View comments
> GUILTY: A DNA sample has proven Polish immigrant Aaron Kosminski
> was Jack the Ripper
> +7
> GUILTY: A DNA sample has proven Polish immigrant Aaron Kosminski
> was Jack the Ripper
> It is the greatest murder mystery of all time, a puzzle that has
> perplexed criminologists for more than a century and spawned books,
> films and myriad theories ranging from the plausible to the utterly
> bizarre.
> But now, thanks to modern forensic science, The Mail on Sunday can
> exclusively reveal the true identity of Jack the Ripper, the serial
> killer responsible for at least five grisly murders in Whitechapel
> in East London during the autumn of 1888.
> DNA evidence has now shown beyond reasonable doubt which one of
> six key suspects commonly cited in connection with the Ripper’s
> reign of terror was the actual killer – and we reveal his identity.
> A shawl found by the body of Catherine Eddowes, one of the Ripper’s
> victims, has been analysed and found to contain DNA from her blood
> as well as DNA from the killer.
> The landmark discovery was made after businessman Russell Edwards,
> 48, bought the shawl at auction and enlisted the help of Dr Jari
> Louhelainen, a world-renowned expert in analysing genetic evidence
> from historical crime scenes.
> Using cutting-edge techniques, Dr Louhelainen was able to extract
> 126-year-old DNA from the material and compare it to DNA from
> descendants of Eddowes and the suspect, with both proving a perfect
> match.
> The revelation puts an end to the fevered speculation over the
> Ripper’s identity which has lasted since his murderous rampage in
> the most impoverished and dangerous streets of London.
> In the intervening century, a Jack the Ripper industry has grown
> up, prompting a dizzying array of more than 100 suspects, including
> Queen Victoria’s grandson – Prince Albert Victor, the Duke of
> Clarence – the post-Impressionist painter Walter Sickert, and the
> former Liberal Prime Minister William Gladstone.
> More...
> BREAKING NEWS: Three arrested over murder of mother-of-five found
> stabbed to death after frenzied attack in New Forest
> 'She wanted to tell you something before I killed her': Murdered
> teen's mom reveals killer sent taunting texts from her daughter's
> phone the day AFTER he stabbed her to death
> 'I'm not stupid b*tch' - Police release chilling note left next to
> college student found naked and beaten to death, two years after
> her murder
> It was March 2007, in an auction house in Bury St Edmunds, that I
> first saw the blood-soaked shawl. It was in two surprisingly large
> sections – the first measuring 73.5in by 25.5in, the second 24in
> by 19in – and, despite its stains, far prettier than any artefact
> connected to Jack the Ripper might be expected to be. It was mostly
> blue and dark brown, with a delicate pattern of Michaelmas daisies
> – red, ochre and gold – at either end.
> It was said to have been found next to the body of one of the
> Ripper’s victims, Catherine Eddowes, and soaked in her blood. There
> was no evidence for its provenance, although after the auction I
> obtained a letter from its previous owner who claimed his ancestor
> had been a police officer present at the murder scene and had taken
> it from there.
> Yet I knew I wanted to buy the shawl and was prepared to pay a
> great deal of money for it. I hoped somehow to prove that it was
> genuine. Beyond that, I hadn’t considered the possibilities. I
> certainly had no idea that this flimsy, badly stained, and
> incomplete piece of material would lead to the solution to the most
> famous murder mystery of all time: the identification of Jack the
> Ripper.
> Gruesome: A contemporary engraving of a Jack the Ripper crime scene
> in London's Whitechapel
> +7
> Gruesome: A contemporary engraving of a Jack the Ripper crime scene
> in London's Whitechapel
> When my involvement in the 126-year-old case began, I was just
> another armchair detective, interested enough to conduct my own
> extensive research after watching the Johnny Depp film From Hell in
> 2001. It piqued my curiosity about the 1888 killings when five –
> possibly more – prostitutes were butchered in London’s East End.
> Despite massive efforts by the police, the perpetrator evaded
> capture, spawning the mystery which has fuelled countless books,
> films, TV programmes and tours of Whitechapel. Theories about his
> identity have been virtually limitless, with everyone from Prince
> Albert Victor, the Duke of Clarence, to Lewis Carroll being named
> as possible suspects. As time has passed, the name Jack the Ripper
> has become synonymous with the devil himself; his crimes setting
> the gruesome standard against which other horrific murders are
> judged.
> I joined the armies of those fascinated by the mystery and
> researching the Ripper became a hobby. I visited the National
> Archives in Kew to view as much of the original paperwork as still
> exists, noting how many of the authors of books speculating about
> the Ripper had not bothered to do this. I was convinced that there
> must be something, somewhere that had been missed.
> By 2007, I felt I had exhausted all avenues until I read a
> newspaper article about the sale of a shawl connected to the Ripper
> case. Its owner, David Melville-Hayes, believed it had been in his
> family’s possession since the murder of Catherine Eddowes, when his
> ancestor, Acting Sergeant Amos Simpson, asked his superiors if he
> could take it home to give to his wife, a dressmaker.
> Incredibly, it was stowed without ever being washed, and was handed
> down from David’s great-grandmother, Mary Simpson, to his
> grandmother, Eliza Smith, and then his mother, Eliza Mills, later
> Hayes.
> In 1991, David gave it to Scotland Yard’s Crime Museum, where it
> was placed in storage rather than on display because of the lack of
> proof of its provenance. In 2001, David reclaimed it, and it was
> exhibited at the annual Jack the Ripper conference. One forensic
> test was carried out on it for a Channel 5 documentary in 2006,
> using a simple cotton swab from a randomly chosen part of the
> shawl, but it was inconclusive.
> Most Ripper experts dismissed it when it came up for auction, but I
> believed I had hit on something no one else had noticed which
> linked it to the Ripper. The shawl is patterned with Michaelmas
> daisies. Today the Christian feast of Michaelmas is archaic, but in
> Victorian times it was familiar as a quarter day, when rents and
> debts were due.
> I discovered there were two dates for it: one, September 29, in the
> Western Christian church and the other, November 8, in the Eastern
> Orthodox church. With a jolt, I realised the two dates coincided
> precisely with the nights of the last two murder dates. September
> 29 was the night on which Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes
> were killed, and November 8 was the night of the final, most
> horrific of the murders, that of Mary Jane Kelly.
> Found at the scene: Russel Edwards holds the shawl he bought in
> 2007, allegedly handed down from a policeman who took it from the
> scene, which had the incriminating DNA on it
> +7
> Found at the scene: Russel Edwards holds the shawl he bought in
> 2007, allegedly handed down from a policeman who took it from the
> scene, which had the incriminating DNA on it
> I reasoned that it made no sense for Eddowes to have owned the
> expensive shawl herself; this was a woman so poor she had pawned
> her shoes the day before her murder. But could the Ripper have
> brought the shawl with him and left it as an obscure clue about
> when he was planning to strike next? It was just a hunch, and far
> from proof of anything, but it set me off on my journey.
> Before buying it, I spoke to Alan McCormack, the officer in charge
> of the Crime Museum, also known as the Black Museum. He told me the
> police had always believed they knew the identity of the Ripper.
> Chief Inspector Donald Swanson, the officer in charge of the
> investigation, had named him in his notes: Aaron Kosminski, a
> Polish Jew who had fled to London with his family, escaping the
> Russian pogroms, in the early 1880s.
> Kosminski has always been one of the three most credible suspects.
> He is often described as having been a hairdresser in Whitechapel,
> the occupation written on his admission papers to the workhouse in
> 1890. What is certain is he was seriously mentally ill, probably a
> paranoid schizophrenic who suffered auditory hallucinations and
> described as a misogynist prone to ‘self-abuse’ – a euphemism for
> masturbation.
> McCormack said police did not have enough evidence to convict
> Kosminski, despite identification by a witness, but kept him under
> 24-hour surveillance until he was committed to mental asylums for
> the rest of his life. I became convinced Kosminski was our man, and
> I was excited at the prospect of proving it. I felt sure that
> modern science would be able to produce real evidence from the
> stains on the shawl. After a few false starts, I found a scientist
> I hoped could help.
> Dr Jari Louhelainen is a leading expert in genetic evidence from
> historical crime scenes, combining his day job as senior lecturer
> in molecular biology at Liverpool John Moores University with
> working on cold cases for Interpol and other projects. He agreed to
> conduct tests on the shawl in his spare time.
> The tests began in 2011, when Jari used special photographic
> analysis to establish what the stains were.
> Using an infrared camera, he was able to tell me the dark stains
> were not just blood, but consistent with arterial blood spatter
> caused by slashing – exactly the grim death Catherine Eddowes had
> met.
> But the next revelation was the most heart-stopping. Under UV
> photography, a set of fluorescent stains showed up which Jari said
> had the characteristics of semen. I’d never expected to find
> evidence of the Ripper himself, so this was thrilling, although
> Jari cautioned me that more testing was required before any
> conclusions could be drawn.
> Obsession: Russell Edwards points to Hambury Street where one of
> the murders took place
> +7
> Obsession: Russell Edwards points to Hambury Street where one of
> the murders took place
> He also found evidence of split body parts during the frenzied
> attack. One of Eddowes’ kidneys was removed by her murderer, and
> later in his research Jari managed to identify the presence of what
> he believed to be a kidney cell.
> It was impossible to extract DNA from the stains on the shawl using
> the method employed in current cases, in which swabs are taken. The
> samples were just too old.
> Instead, he used a method he called ‘vacuuming’, using a pipette
> filled with a special ‘buffering’ liquid that removed the genetic
> material in the cloth without damaging it.
> As a non-scientist, I found myself in a new world as Jari warned
> that it would also be impossible to use genomic DNA, which is used
> in fresh cases and contains a human’s entire genetic data, because
> over time it would have become fragmented.
> But he explained it would be possible to use mitochondrial DNA
> instead. It is passed down exclusively through the female line, is
> much more abundant than genomic DNA, and survives far better.
> This meant that in order to give us something to test against, I
> had to trace a direct descendant through the female line of
> Catherine Eddowes. Luckily, a woman named Karen Miller, the three-
> times great-granddaughter of Eddowes, had featured in a documentary
> about the Ripper’s victims, and agreed to provide a sample of her
> DNA.
> Jari managed to get six complete DNA profiles from the shawl, and
> when he tested them against Karen’s they were a perfect match.
> It was an amazing breakthrough. We now knew that the shawl was
> authentic, and was at the scene of the crime in September 1888, and
> had the victim’s blood on it. On its own, this made it the single
> most important artefact in Ripper history: nothing else has ever
> been linked scientifically to the scene of any of the crimes.
> Months of research on the shawl, including analysing the dyes used,
> had proved that it was made in Eastern Europe in the early 19th
> Century. Now it was time to attempt to prove that it contained the
> killer’s DNA.
> jack the ripper suspect.jpg
> +7
> The suspects: The long line of men believed to be Jack the Ripper
> include, from left to right, Prince Albert Victor, Edward VII's
> son, allegedly driven by syphilis-induced madness, Queen Victoria's
> doctor, a Jewish shoemaker
> +7
> The suspects: The long line of men believed to be Jack the Ripper
> include, from top left to right, Prince Albert Victor, Edward VII’s
> son, allegedly driven by syphilis-induced madness, Sir William
> Gull, Queen Victoria’s doctor, painter Walter Sickert, a Jewish
> shoemaker, a polish barber who later poisoned three women - and
> Kosminski
> Jari used the same extraction method on the semen traces on the
> shawl, warning that the likelihood of sperm lasting all that time
> was very slim. He enlisted the help of Dr David Miller, a world
> expert on the subject, and in 2012 they made another incredible
> breakthrough when they found surviving cells. They were from the
> epithelium, a type of tissue which coats organs. In this case, it
> was likely to have come from the urethra during ejaculation.
> Kosminski was 23 when the murders took place, and living with his
> two brothers and a sister in Greenfield Street, just 200 yards from
> where the third victim, Elizabeth Stride, was killed. As a key
> suspect, his life story has long been known, but I also researched
> his family. Eventually, we tracked down a young woman whose
> identity I am protecting – a British descendant of Kosminski’s
> sister, Matilda, who would share his mitochondrial DNA. She
> provided me with swabs from the inside of her mouth.
> Amplifying and sequencing the DNA from the cells found on the shawl
> took months of painstaking, innovative work. By that point, my
> excitement had reached fever-pitch. And when the email finally
> arrived telling me Jari had found a perfect match, I was
> overwhelmed. Seven years after I bought the shawl, we had nailed
> Aaron Kosminski.
> As a scientist, Jari is naturally cautious, unwilling to let his
> imagination run away without testing every minute element, but even
> he declared the finding ‘one hell of a masterpiece’. I celebrated
> by visiting the East End, wandering the streets where Kosminski
> lived, worked and committed his despicable crimes, feeling a sense
> of euphoria but also disbelief that we had unmasked the Ripper.
> Kosminski was not a member of the Royal Family, or an eminent
> surgeon or politician. Serial killers rarely are. Instead, he was a
> pathetic creature, a lunatic who achieved sexual satisfaction from
> slashing women to death in the most brutal manner. He died in
> Leavesden Asylum from gangrene at the age of 53, weighing just 7st.
> No doubt a slew of books and films will now emerge to speculate on
> his personality and motivation. I have no wish to do so. I wanted
> to provide real answers using scientific evidence, and I’m
> overwhelmed that 126 years on, I have solved the mystery.
> Shawl that nailed Polish lunatic Aaron Kosminski and the forensic
> expert that made the critical match
> Evidence: Russell points to the part of the shawl where DNA was
> found
> +7
> Evidence: Russell points to the part of the shawl where DNA was
> found
> When Russell Edwards first approached me in 2011, I wasn’t aware of
> the massive levels of interest in the Ripper case, as I’m a
> scientist originally from Finland.
> But by early this year, when I realised we were on the verge of
> making a big discovery, working on the shawl had taken over my
> life, occupying me from early in the morning until late at night.
> It has taken a great deal of hard work, using cutting-edge
> scientific techniques which would not have been possible five years
> ago.
> To extract DNA samples from the stains on the shawl, I used a
> technique I developed myself, which I call ‘vacuuming’ – to pull
> the original genetic material from the depths of the cloth.
> I filled a sterile pipette with a liquid ‘buffer’, a solution
> known to stabilise the cells and DNA, and injected it into the
> cloth to dissolve the material trapped in the weave of the fabric
> without damaging the cells, then sucked it out.
> I needed to sequence the DNA found in the stains on the shawl,
> which means mapping the DNA by determining the exact order of the
> bases in a strand. I used polymerase chain reaction, a technique
> which allows millions of exact copies of the DNA to be made,
> enough for sequencing.
> When I tested the resulting DNA profiles against the DNA taken
> from swabs from Catherine Eddowes’s descendant, they were a match.
> I used the same extraction method on the stains which had
> characteristics of seminal fluid.
> Dr David Miller found epithelial cells – which line cavities and
> organs – much to our surprise, as we were not expecting to find
> anything usable after 126 years.
> Then I used a new process called whole genome amplification to copy
> the DNA 500 million-fold and allow it to be profiled.
> Once I had the profile, I could compare it to that of the female
> descendant of Kosminski’s sister, who had given us a sample of her
> DNA swabbed from inside her mouth.
> The first strand of DNA showed a 99.2 per cent match, as the
> analysis instrument could not determine the sequence of the missing
> 0.8 per cent fragment of DNA. On testing the second strand, we
> achieved a perfect 100 per cent match.
> Because of the genome amplification technique, I was also able to
> ascertain the ethnic and geographical background of the DNA I
> extracted. It was of a type known as the haplogroup T1a1, common in
> people of Russian Jewish ethnicity. I was even able to establish
> that he had dark hair.
> Now that it’s over, I’m excited and proud of what we’ve achieved,
> and satisfied that we have established, as far as we possibly can,
> that Aaron Kosminski is the culprit.
> Dr Jari Louhelainen is a senior lecturer in molecular biology at
> Liverpool John Moores University and an expert in historic cold-
> case forensic research.
> © Russell Edwards 2014
> Naming Jack The Ripper, by Russell Edwards, will be published by
> Sidgwick & Jackson on September 9, priced £16.99.
> http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2746321/Jack-Ripper-
> unmasked-How-amateur-sleuth-used-DNA-breakthrough-identify-Britains-
> notorious-criminal-126-years-string-terrible-murders.html


Offline Colin

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Re: Jack the Ripper---DNA Breakthrough
« Reply #1 on: September 07, 2014, 10:07:16 PM »
Interesting, the truth at last?

The book can be purchased via Amazon below. Using the link below will help support this site.

« Last Edit: September 07, 2014, 10:16:56 PM by Truth-Wars.co.uk »

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