A beginner’s guide to the UK constitution

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A beginner’s guide to the UK constitution
« on: December 09, 2016, 07:03:06 PM »
A beginner’s guide to the UK constitution
Please start reading from the bottom up 
 
 
Dear Alexandra Runswick,
Just posted this on your blog:
Jane  ECG A minute ago 

You have a very poor understanding of what the English Constitution consists of, The Scottish, Irish and Welsh Devolution Acts (1998)
The Human Rights Act (1998) are not a part of our constitution. Our Constitution consists of  Magna Carta and The Bill of Rights (1689), both of which were agreed between the Estates/Barons of England and the Monarch, and are not under the jurisdiction of Parliament to alter or amend, also the Bill of Rights is "for all time". Blackstone's Law is a good source for confirmation, as is Smollett and Hume History of England.
Any constitutional acts made after the ultra vires ECA72 are void and of no legal force, just as that Act is also void because of fraud and corruption surrounding it's signing, parliament acted illegally above the law.
The current farce in the Supreme Court fails to address the real issues if illegality, because the Constitution has been systematically omitted  from Administrative and Constitutional Law books since before 1970, talked out of existence by devious jurisprudence, because 5th columnists were preparing the way for EU Corpus Juris to take over our Common Law legal system.

 
From: Alexandra Runswick
Sent: Tuesday, December 6, 2016 3:14 PM
To:
Subject: A beginner’s guide to the UK constitution
 

Dear Jane,
Today is the second day of the Article 50 court case, its significance for democracy in the UK is clear - our unwritten constitution is creaking under the pressure of Brexit.
Inevitably, lots of constitution-speak is being thrown around. What is the Royal Prerogative and why is it important in this case? We think public interest in the court case is a great chance to talk about the UK’s chaotic unwritten constitution. So see below our summary Beginner's guide to the UK Constitution, or you can check out the extended version on our blog.

What is a constitution?
A constitution sets out the rules and principles on how a state or other organisation is governed. A constitution sets out what different groups - MPs, Judges, voters, the government can and cannot do. Constitutions are important as they place restrictions on the government of the day, preventing them from becoming too powerful or tyrannical.
The UK constitution is uncodified, meaning it isn’t written down in one place. Instead, there are several sources which have come to be known as the UK constitution.
 
Sources
Laws

Constitutional law is largely made up of normal laws that have been passed through Parliament but are seen as particularly significant or important. They usually deal with the subject of assigning powers or rights, or restricting powers. They have been built upon over time, some significant ones are:
•    The Magna Carta
•    The Bill of Rights (1689)- this established the the principle that Parliament is more powerful than the King or Queen
•    The Scottish, Irish and Welsh Devolution Acts (1998)
•    The Human Rights Act (1998)
Conventions
Conventions are unwritten rules, they are essentially habits that have developed over time. They are often not written down in law or often even on paper, but people follow them because this is how it has been done before. They can set out how the government should act. The existence of the role of Prime Minister is a convention that has become part of UK constitutional law.
 
Principles
Parliamentary Sovereignty
The fundamental principle of the UK constitution is that Parliament is sovereign. This means that only Parliament has the power to make and unmake law. There is no law that any Parliament can make that a future Parliament cannot scrap or amend. Parliament is the supreme legal authority in the UK.
Rule of Law
The Rule of Law is the principles that the law should apply to everyone equally. No one is above the law (not even the Prime Minister) and it should always be applied.
To make sure that judges can apply the law equally to all people, they have to be independent.  They must not be influenced by the government, MPs or what the public thinks. They should be neutral in their decision making and non-political. But politicians often criticise judges and this can threaten judicial independence.
 
Read the whole article, and find out what all this business about the Royal Prerogative is on our blog.

Best wishes,
Alexandra Runswick
Director, Unlock Democracy
P.S. Since this case is so crucial to our campaigns for reform, we’re going to be bringing you a daily summary of the most important quotes, and explain how this case shows our constitution needs urgent reform. If you’d’ rather not get this, opt out of these extra emails here.



 
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