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NEUROETHICS .

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Offline sr john

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NEUROETHICS .
« on: May 26, 2019, 04:23:50 PM »
the study of neurological bases of moral cognition, sense and action
the field of study that addresses the moral issues that arise in and from neuroscientific research and the clinical practices and social effects/implications that evolve from these investigations
the reciprocal interaction(s) between neurological research/clinical practices and other ethically relevant areas of biomedical sciences (e.g. the effects/implications of genetic research on neurological care; use of nanotechnology in neurological research and practice, etc.)
 
NEUROETHICS: DEFINITIONS
Contemporary neuroethics necessitates consideration and appreciation of an underlying natural philosophy, that grounds neuroscience (and its constituent disciplines) and the humanities. Toward this, a number of operational definitions are important and introductory to an explanation of neuroethics…

Natural:

the inherent character or basic constitution of a person or thing
a controlling force in the universe or the sum of such forces in an individual
a kind or class usually distinguished by fundamental or essential characteristics
Philosophy:

a discipline comprising as its tasks: metaphysics, logic, epistemology, ethics, engaged in study or pursuit of field/practice
a search for a general understanding by chiefly speculative rather than observational means
Science: an area of knowledge that is an object of study, particularly as concerning general laws; usually as obtained through specific rational methods

Ethics: a system of beliefs, attitudes and practices reflective of a metaphysical appreciation engaged in moral decision making; a ‘binding’ set of beliefs and faith in such beliefs

Neural/Neuro: pertaining to or derived from the structure, function (or concept) of nerves, and/or nervous systems, such as brains.

From this, we can consider two viable definitions of “neuroethics”:

Inquiry and investigation into the neural basis of moral thought, intention and behavior
Inquiry and investigation into the moral, ethical and policy-related issues arising in, and from neuroscientific research and its clinical applications
Both of these definitions involve a solid foundation of the facts of neural function, the realities of science, medical practice, and social impact, and from this (a.) recognize the exigencies and issues that are inherent and arise, (b.) the moral obligations and responsibilities involved with these issues, and (c.) how various ethical systems may be utilized to address and resolve these issues, questions and problems. This allows us to construct a normative and applied neuroethics “…from the ground up”, as schematically illustrated below  .
 
http://www.neurobioethics.com/?fbclid=IwAR0i170yTWpiALsNBJdDM8CEzdPAsiVJKjzJ9JOT9vCw_OxpfcBtrE2Xi_c  .


 
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